Quick Answer: How Is Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy Detected?

What causes the walls of your heart to thicken?

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is an inherited disease of the heart muscle.

HCM can cause the wall of the heart muscle to thicken.

When the walls get too thick, the heart muscle functions inefficiently, causing some patients to have obstruction to blood flow from the heart..

What is the best treatment for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?

Medications to treat hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and its symptoms may include:Beta blockers such as metoprolol (Lopressor, Toprol-XL), propranolol (Inderal, Innopran XL) or atenolol (Tenormin)Calcium channel blockers such as verapamil (Verelan, Calan SR,) or diltiazem (Cardizem, Tiazac)More items…•

What is the life expectancy of someone with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?

The majority of patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy have no symptoms and most have a near-normal life expectancy. In some cases, sudden cardiac death is the first symptom of the illness. Patients who have symptoms at a younger age often have higher mortality rates.

At what age does hypertrophic cardiomyopathy develop?

However, hypertrophy more commonly develops in association with growth and is usually apparent by the late teens or early twenties. Once hypertrophy appears there is rarely a significant change in muscle thickness in the years of adult life. Patients can be diagnosed at any age, from birth to age 80 and beyond.

Is walking good for cardiomyopathy?

Daily light exercise is safe for most people with cardiomyopathy and heart failure and can help them to manage symptoms. Over time, it can reduce heart rate and blood pressure. Your NYU Langone heart specialist can recommend an exercise program that’s right for you. It may include walking, cycling, or jogging.

Does cardiomyopathy show up on ECG?

Electrocardiogram (EKG or ECG): An EKG records the heart’s electrical activity, showing how fast the heart is beating and whether its rhythm is steady or irregular. An EKG can be used to detect cardiomyopathy as well as other problems, including heart attacks, arrhythmias (irregular heartbeats) and heart failure.

Is thickening of the heart wall reversible?

In competitive athletes, this thickening of the cardiac wall is known as athletic heart syndrome or “athlete’s heart.” Whereas in this case, the process is a reversible physiological reaction to physical activity, in other cases, cardiac wall thickening, known medically as cardiac hypertrophy, is a serious condition; …

Does hypertrophic cardiomyopathy get worse with age?

Most people with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy have no symptoms, or have a stable condition throughout adult life. A few people develop serious symptoms and some people find that their symptoms get worse in later life.

Can you exercise with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?

Current guidelines recommend that patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) not partake in high-intensity exercise due to the increased risk of sudden cardiac death.

Can you live a full life with cardiomyopathy?

With proper care, many people can live long and full lives with a cardiomyopathy diagnosis. When recommending treatment, we always consider the least invasive approach first. Options range from lifestyle support and medications to implantable devices, procedures, and surgeries.

Is HCM a disability?

HCM, or hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (or hypertrophic obstructed cardiomyopathy), affects between 1 in 200 and 1 in 300 worldwide. If you have HCM and you are unable to work due to severe symptoms, you might be eligible for Social Security disability benefits in the United States.

What is the prognosis for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?

Physiologic consequences are highly variable and some patients with HCM are asymptomatic whereas others suffer severe heart failure and even sudden death. The prognosis is poor in a subset of affected individuals who rapidly progress to heart failure.

What happens if cardiomyopathy goes untreated?

If untreated, cardiomyopathy can weaken the heart, leading to more serious conditions, including lessened blood flow, arrhythmia (irregular heartbeats), problems with the heart’s valves and heart failure.

What are the stages of cardiomyopathy?

In the early stages of cardiomyopathy, you may not experience any signs or symptoms, but as the condition advances, signs and symptoms of heart failure usually appear, including: Shortness of breath (dyspnea) Chronic coughing or wheezing. Rapid or irregular heart rate.

How is hypertrophic cardiomyopathy diagnosed?

Tests: An echocardiogram is the most common test used to diagnose HCM, as the characteristic thickening of the heart walls is usually visible on the echo. Other tests may include blood tests, electrocardiogram, chest X-ray, exercise stress echo test, cardiac catheterization and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

What medications should be avoided with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?

Symptomatic patients with HOCM. Agents to reduce pre- or afterload (such as nitrate, ACE inhibitors, nifedipine-type calcium antagonists) are contraindicated with HOCM due to possible aggravation of the outflow tract obstruction. This often impedes therapy of coexistent arterial hypertension.

Can stress cause hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?

According to a new study, researchers have found that in addition to gene mutations, environmental stress also plays a key role in the development of the heart disease, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.

What viruses cause cardiomyopathy?

In North America, infection with coxsackie B virus is the most common cause of viral cardiomyopathy. HIV infection also can cause cardiomyopathy. In other parts of the world, other viral infections are more common causes. Occasionally, dilated cardiomyopathy results from a bacterial infection, such as Chagas disease.